Hate UML?

Draw sequence diagrams in seconds.
http://www.websequencediagrams.com

Cell Phone Secrets
Posted on: 2007-04-03 17:00:27
I am a mobile telecommunications "engineer", and I thought I'd explain what to look for in a cell phone. Most guides will review phones on their user interface, but pay little attention to one of the most important pieces: the radio. The radio on GSM cell phones is very mysterious to most people, so here is a guide on how to decode the features of cell phones.

Bands

The bands your mobile phone supports will depend on the region in which you live. In the year 2006, four bands are in common use: 850, 1900, 900, and 1800 MHz. The 850/1900 bands are used in North America, while the rest of the world (with a few exceptions) uses the 900/1800 bands. Your carrier will likely deploy either 850/1900 or 900/1800 in your area, so for maximum coverage your phone should support the two bands in use in your region.

If you are traveling, you will want a Tri-Band or Quad-Band phone. A Tri-Band phone supports the two bands in your country, plus one other one. It may also be advertised as a "World Band" phone. A Quad-Band phone will support all four bands.

All phones sold today should automatically detect and switch between the bands.

GPRS/EDGE

GPRS refers to the ability of the phone to transfer packet data (for example, emails, ring tones, and web pages). The speed of the connection is related to the multislot class. EDGE is an enhancement to GPRS that allows faster data rates, comparable to broadband connections. If all you want is phone calls, you should ask your carrier to disable your packet access, to avoid incurring usage charges by accident.

UMTS/3G

UMTS handsets, also called "3G", support a new technology that will theoretically give you faster data access than EDGE. However, because they are a newer technology, their battery life will be much less than a GSM-only phone. In addition, UMTS base stations are deployed only in major metropolitan centres. Recently, in the Blackjack phone, users discovered if they turned off the 3G feature, their battery life doubled!

If you are only making phone calls, you don't need this. It helps the carriers because it moves phone calls off of their congested GSM cells, onto their UMTS cells that hardly anybody uses at the moment. If you do want a data modem, you should consider it, because the higher data speeds will be noticeable.

Multislot class

The multislot class of your phone determines how quickly it will transmit or receive packet data. (For example, emails and web pages, but not voice or SMS messages.) Most phones will be Multislot Class 10, which means it can receive on four different channels simultaneously, or send on two different channels. Higher multislot classes allow more channels, and thus it will be faster. However, if the cell tower is being used by more than a few mobiles at the same time, this won't make any difference, because it will run out of channels.

Multislot class only applies to packet data, like web pages or picture messages. Phone calls only use one slot, anyway.

Dual Mode

A dual-mode handset will support two different radio technologies and switch between them when appropriate. For example, because UMTS base stations are deployed only in major cities, a UMTS handheld will probably be able to fall back on GPRS technology when you roam away from the city.

Dual transfer mode

Dual transfer mode handsets are expected to be deployed to some networks in 2007. With dual transfer mode, you will be able to transfer packet data during a phone call. This is something already supported by UMTS but not GSM, so there is a greater push for it in GSM phones.

Flip-Phone

Audio engineers love flip phones, because it brings the microphone closer to the mouth. Companies spend millions of dollars, and hire lots of Ph.D's to try to get the microphone to work when it is on your cheek, but a handset designer will tell you that you can get the best audio quality with a flip phone.

Data Modem

If your phone has data modem capabilities, you will be able to attach it to your computer and use it as a modem. However, be aware that your transfer speeds will be limited. GPRS/EDGE phones have an inherent limitation: The very first packet that you send (after a break of about 5 seconds) will take up to 1.5 seconds to start the transfer, although subsequent packets will be faster. This makes GPRS modems inefficient for the TCP protocol used by all networked PCs today. However, you should still be able to browse at speeds similar to dial-up.

Make sure to read the fine print: Your "unlimited" plan may actually only include a few MB/month, with steep charges if you go over the limit. The limit is especially troubling, because Microsoft Windows will typically send several megabytes of data in a few minutes, because a lot of the software that you have will constantly be checking for updates.

Talk and Standby Time

Talk time and standby time are tested in a standardized way. Because they are not real conditions, handset manufacturers can employ certain tricks to get a better rating. Look for a talk time of at least 4 hours, and a standby time of at least 10 days, whether you need it or not.

All rechargeable batteries have a limited life. They are killed by both heat and time. You should get a lithium battery, which will last for several years. Nickle-Metal-Hydride (NiMH) batteries are good too, but exhibit a "memory-effect", which means that you should charge them only when they are close to empty. NEVER leave a battery the car in hot weather, because this shaves months off of its life. When you are replacing it, buy only a newly manufactured battery, because they will slowly die even if left in the package. For this reason, don't bother getting a spare when you buy the phone. If you do want to store your battery for a period of time, discharge it to 40%, and keep it in the refrigerator inside a sealed plastic bag. Make sure it is dry, or the contacts will rust.

The more gadgets your phone has, the more the battery will run out. External memory slots, GPS, and Wi-Fi are all things that will suck the juice out of your battery. Also, if you live on the fringes of coverage and get only 1 to 3 bars of service, your battery will only last a couple of days because the phone will have to transmit at maximum power. GSM phones have to update with the network every 5-15 minutes, so they will consume power even if you are not using it.

Wi-fi

The industry is working on a new feature, called GAN or UMA, which is already available in some areas. In an UMA phone, the carrier will also sell you Internet access and give you a wireless access point. While in your home, your calls will go through the Wi-Fi connection. When you leave your house, the calls will be handed over to the cellular (even if you are talking). This means that you will always get full service in your home, but it will also reduce the standby time. You should get it only if you want to buy Internet service from your carrier.

Want more programming tech talk?
Add to Circles on Google Plus
Subscribe to posts

Post comment

Real Name:
Your Email (Not displayed):

Text only. No HTML. If you write "http:" your message will be ignored.
Choose an edit password if you want to be able to edit or delete your comment later.
Editing Password (Optional):

Johan

2007-08-13 19:04:09
Can the ip addresses of two mobile phones be the same? Please reply to my email silkworm@webmail.co.za

Steve Hanov

2007-09-25 22:50:52
Johan,

Mobile phones do have IP addresses, but they are not useful to you. If you try to ping one, for example, it won't work because there is a lot of carrier infrastructure between the public internet and the phone.

When your mobile phone connects to the network, it is assigned an IP address inside the carrier's network. Any data that it sends is forwarded through the carrier's servers, and the carrier will perform network address translation (NAT). That means that you will only be able to make outgoing connections.

The network is tightly controlled, so I doubt that one phone will be able to directly access another, even if they are on the same carrier's network.

Edwin Sligar

2008-07-15 15:29:30
I know that GSM is full duplex, but does the phone actually transmit and receive at the same time?

kamal

2009-03-20 22:52:16
i am having a cell phone name sagem and the model is my300c and i want to decode it ok.i want u to show my the code to open it ok thanx

Steve Hanov

2009-05-02 10:10:06
GSM appears to send and receive at the same time, because you can talk and listen to a phone call. But the radio transmitter cannot receive and transmit at the same instant. The phone continously switches between receiving and transmitting every 4.62 milliseconds.

maty

2009-06-27 09:05:21
hey i have a problem i have a girlfriend who talks to me on messenger off a mobile and she keeps sighning out and sighning bk in strait away still on a mobile and when she sighns bk in its like shes a completely different person i have a little suspision its sum one else im talking to and i was just wondering is there any way mobile phones have diff signitures and how i can c if its her mobile she sighns bak in on or a different one your help would be gratfefull thanks plz reply to maty0255@hotmail.com

austine

2009-07-07 12:27:58
please my beautiful girl that am about to be married to seems to have someone that pesters her(according to her). how can i be sure she aint returning his advances. is they a way to listen to her calls without her knowledg. pls reply thru jjpenkiss@yahoo.com or usibesvision@gmail.com

thanks

RJ Rhymer

2009-07-15 12:14:16
How do you decode a cell phone, so that it will work with any carrier.

Anonymous

2011-12-03 05:46:57
What is with all this weird comments

Jennifer farris

2013-07-26 21:47:23
Hi Steve I was wondering if someone is sending me annoymous emails from a bogus acct they created over a cell phone network am sent the email over the cell phone network can this be traced?
Email
steve.hanov@gmail.com

Other posts by Steve

Yes, You Absolutely Might Possibly Need an EIN to Sell Software to the US How Asana Breaks the Rules About Per-Seat Pricing 5 Ways PowToon Made Me Want to Buy Their Software How I run my business selling software to Americans 0, 1, Many, a Zillion Give your Commodore 64 new life with an SD card reader 20 lines of code that will beat A/B testing every time [comic] Appreciation of xkcd comics vs. technical ability VP trees: A data structure for finding stuff fast Why you should go to the Business of Software Conference Next Year Four ways of handling asynchronous operations in node.js Type-checked CoffeeScript with jzbuild Zero load time file formats Finding the top K items in a list efficiently An instant rhyming dictionary for any web site Succinct Data Structures: Cramming 80,000 words into a Javascript file. Throw away the keys: Easy, Minimal Perfect Hashing Why don't web browsers do this? Fun with Colour Difference Compressing dictionaries with a DAWG Fast and Easy Levenshtein distance using a Trie The Curious Complexity of Being Turned On Cross-domain communication the HTML5 way Five essential steps to prepare for your next programming interview Minimal usable Ubuntu with one command Finding awesome developers in programming interviews Compress your JSON with automatic type extraction JZBUILD - An Easy Javascript Build System Pssst! Want to stream your videos to your iPod? "This is stupid. Your program doesn't work," my wife told me The simple and obvious way to walk through a graph Asking users for steps to reproduce bugs, and other dumb ideas Creating portable binaries on Linux Bending over: How to sell your software to large companies Regular Expression Matching can be Ugly and Slow C++: A language for next generation web apps qb.js: An implementation of QBASIC in Javascript Zwibbler: A simple drawing program using Javascript and Canvas You don't need a project/solution to use the VC++ debugger Boring Date (comic) barcamp (comic) How IE <canvas> tag emulation works I didn't know you could mix and match (comic) Sign here (comic) It's a dirty job... (comic) The PenIsland Problem: Text-to-speech for domain names Pitching to VCs #2 (comic) Building a better rhyming dictionary Does Android team with eccentric geeks? (comic) Comment spam defeated at last Pitching to VCs (comic) How QBASIC almost got me killed Blame the extensions (comic) How to run a linux based home web server Microsoft's generosity knows no end for a year (comic) Using the Acer Aspire One as a web server When programmers design web sites (comic) Finding great ideas for your startup Game Theory, Salary Negotiation, and Programmers Coding tips they don't teach you in school When a reporter mangles your elevator pitch Test Driven Development without Tears Drawing Graphs with Physics Free up disk space in Ubuntu Keeping Abreast of Pornographic Research in Computer Science Exploiting perceptual colour difference for edge detection Experiment: Deleting a post from the Internet Is 2009 the year of Linux malware? Email Etiquette How a programmer reads your resume (comic) How wide should you make your web page? Usability Nightmare: Xfce Settings Manager cairo blur image surface Automatically remove wordiness from your writing Why Perforce is more scalable than Git Optimizing Ubuntu to run from a USB key or SD card UMA Questions Answered Make Windows XP look like Ubuntu, with Spinning Cube Effect See sound without drugs Standby Preventer Stock Picking using Python Spoke.com scam Stackoverflow.com Copy a cairo surface to the windows clipboard Simulating freehand drawing with Cairo Free, Raw Stock Data Installing Ubuntu on the Via Artigo Why are all my lines fuzzy in cairo? A simple command line calculator Tool for Creating UML Sequence Diagrams Exploring sound with Wavelets UMA and free long distance UMA's dirty secrets Installing the Latest Debian on an Ancient Laptop Dissecting Adsense HTML/ Javascript/ CSS Pretty Printer Web Comic Aggregator Experiments in making money online How much cash do celebrities make? Draw waveforms and hear them Cell Phones on Airplanes Detecting C++ memory leaks What does your phone number spell? A Rhyming Engine Rules for Effective C++ Cell Phone Secrets